Murano is an island in the Venitian lagoon, it lies about a mile north of Venice and is famous for its glass making and particularly lampworking.
Murano was settled by the Romans, then from the sixth century by people from Altino and Oderzo. First the island prospered as a fishing port, and a center for trade, from the 11th century, it began to decline as islanders moved to Dorsoduro, in 1291 all the glassmakers in Venice were forced to move to Murano due to the risk of fires. In the following century, exports began, and the island became famous, first for glass beads and mirrors, "aventurine glass" was invented on the island, and for a while murano was the main producer of glass in Europe.

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